I. William Zartman is the Jacob Blaustein professor of international organization and conflict resolution and director of the African Studies and Conflict Management programs at the Johns Hopkins University's Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies in Washington, D.C.
For many, negotiating with terrorists amounts to capitulation that only encourages more terrorism. The editors of this book, by contrast, argue that engaging extremists is an indispensable part of a broad policy that is complex in its tactics and deliberate in its balance. While recognizing that engagement carries many risks, they contend that it is not the act of negotiation that encourages or discourages terrorism; it is the terms of the negotiated agreement. The point is not whether to negotiate but how to negotiate creatively to moderate terrorist means.
Engaging Extremists concerns negotiation with political terrorist organizations, separating terrorist groups that can be engaged from those that, for the moment, cannot. Dealing with terrorism includes keeping violent means in check, transforming its ends from destruction to participation, and undercutting the grievances on which it is based. The essays in this volume tackle the questions of “when” and “how” with a mixture of conceptual discussions illustrated by case analyses. By approaching terrorism as a phase in conflict by ethnic, religious, ideological, and other groups, the first half of this volume identifies appropriate times and tactics for taking advantage of the terrorist organization’s life cycle from when it begins, matures, and declines. The latter half focuses more specifically on the “how” by studying successful experiments in engaging future and past terrorists, the role of third-party mediators, and two case studies of failed negotiations with terrorists.
In the face of terrorism and militant extremism, states must strike a delicate balance between isolation and engagement. Engaging Extremists provides valuable insight into when and how such engagement might be pursued.
A mediation initiative cannot be launched at just any time if it is to succeed. The conflict must be ripe for the initiation of negotiation. Parties resolve their conflict only when forced to do so-when each party’s efforts to achieve a unilaterally satisfactory result are blocked and the parties feel trapped in an uncomfortable and costly predicament.
This toolkit lays out five steps mediators can take to
* assess whether a stalemate exists;
* interpret the parties’ perception of where they stand in the conflict; and
* encourage a ripe moment for mediation.
This volume is the fifth in the Peacemaker’s Toolkit series. Each handbook addresses a particular facet of the work of mediating violent conflicts, including such topics as negotiations with terrorists, constitution making, assessing and enhancing ripeness, and track-II peacemaking.
The methods and techniques of peacemaking—whether it is called conflict resolution, management, or transformation—have become increasingly sophisticated, particularly in response to the increased complexity of international conflict in the post–9/11 era.
This updated and expanded edition of the highly popular volume originally published in 1997 describes the tools and skills of peacemaking that are currently available and critically assesses their usefulness and limitations. The field’s preeminent researchers and practitioners, including a United Nations undersecretary-general on the threat and use of force in peacemaking, present not only the more traditional approaches to peacemaking (bargaining and negotiation, third-party mediation, and arbitration and adjudication) but also newer, “nonofficial” approaches that have attracted considerable attention for their innovativeness (social-psychological approaches, problem-solving workshops, conflict transformation, peace education, and training).
Written for all students of peacemaking and foreign policymaking—both scholars and practitioners--the chapters in this revised edition of Peacemaking in International Conflict provide cogent analyses and offer practical lessons for a variety of conflict settings, from disarmament and arms-control negotiations to subnational conflicts in the new and emerging states of the post–Cold War era: from the challenges for statecraft in addressing transnational political violence and “asymmetric” threats to international security.
This penetrating study of successful mediation in a half-dozen violent conflicts across the African continent focuses on a hitherto neglected dimension of mediation and the motivations of the parties in conflict—and of the mediators themselves—in initiating the mediation option.
The "problem" of many journalistic accounts and scholarly analyses of conflict mediation is that they detail the mediation process in full swing but have largely neglected the crucial phase of mediators' entry into the destructive and disturbing mass violence in Burundi, Rwanda, the Congo, Sudan, and West Africa and the border conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea.
This collaboration of renowned scholars and a practitioner in conflict management and African politics seeks to draw wide-ranging and timely conclusions on the early stages of mediation from six case studies.
From NAFTA to NATO, from the WTO to the WHO, a vast array of international regimes manages an astounding number of regional and global problems. Yet the dynamics of these enormously influential bodies are barely understood. Scholars have scrutinized international regimes, but that scrutiny has been narrowly focused on questions of regime formation and regime compliance. Remarkably little attention has been paid to the crucial question of how regimes sustain themselves and evolve.
This pioneering work sets about correcting that neglect. As its title suggests, Getting It Done explores how international regimes accomplish their goals—goals that constantly shift as problems change and the power of member-states shifts. In a series of conceptually bold opening chapters, the volume editors emphasize that successful evolution depends above all on a process of continuous negotiation—domestic as well as international—in which norms, principles, and rules are modified as circumstances and interests change.
The second part of the volume takes this framework and applies it to four case studies, two regional, two global. Each case study presents the aims, achievements, and structure of a regime and demonstrates how it adjusts its course through negotiation. A final chapter draws both theoretical and practical lessons for the future.
The methods and techniques of peacemaking--whether it is called conflict resolution, management, or transformation--have become increasingly sophisticated, partly in response to the increased complexity of international conflict today. This volume describes the tools and skills that are currently available and critically assesses their usefulness and limitations. The field's preeminent researchers and practitioners, including a diplomat and an NGO representative, present not only the more traditional approaches to peacemaking--bargaining and negotiation, third-party mediation, and arbitration and adjudication. They also present newer, "nonofficial" approaches that have attracted considerable attention for their innovativeness--social-psychological approaches, problem-solving workshops, conflict transformation, and training. Written for scholars as well as practitioners in all aspects of peacemaking and foreign policymaking, the chapters in Peacemaking in International Conflict provide cogent analyses and offer practical lessons for a variety of conflict settings, from disarmament and arms-control negotiations to subnational conflicts in the new and emerging states of the post-Cold War era.