Conflict Management in a Divided World
USIP Press Books
January 2007
800 pp., 7" x 10"
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Leashing the Dogs of War receives Outstanding Academic Title Award by the library journal CHOICE. Read the CHOICE review at http://www.usip.org/newsmedia/ crocker_hampson_all/index.html.

Since Turbulent Peace was first published in 2001, the international landscape has changed profoundly. Leashing the Dogs of War replaces its well-established predecessor as the definitive volume on the sources of contemporary conflict and the array of possible responses to it. The authors—more than forty of the most influential and innovative analysts of international affairs—present multiple perspectives on how best to prevent, manage, or resolve conflicts around the world.

Leashing the Dogs of War assesses the nature and extent of the changes wrought by 9/11 and its aftermath, and explores their wide-ranging implications. For the United States, of course, the changes have been dramatic. It has engaged in a war on terrorism and has become both a third party in certain conflict arenas and a direct party to the conflict in Iraq and Afghanistan. But these events have also affected other actors, from the United Nations to humanitarian NGOs to collective defense and security organizations such as NATO and the OSCE.

At the same time, some things have not changed. Failed states, economic stagnation, weapons proliferation, nuclear missiles, and identity-based conflicts continue to threaten global security. Looking at the combination of old and new threats, are traditional instruments of negotiation, mediation, peacekeeping and peace enforcement still effective in managing and resolving conflict? How do conflict management efforts and the campaign against terrorism interact in various security environments? Are our institutions—be they states, coalitions of the willing, international organizations, or NGOs—capable of creating and implementing a peacemaking strategy? All these questions are addressed in this new volume.

Authoritative, provocative, and insightful, Leashing the Dogs of War offers an unparalleled breadth and depth of analysis of conflict in today’s world. It is a “must read” not only for students of international relations and conflict resolution but also for anyone—in government and outside—seeking to understand the dynamics of contemporary conflict and the best means of resolving it.

Chester A. Crocker is the James R. Schlesinger Professor of Strategic Studies at Georgetown University and a distinguished fellow at the Centre for International Governance Innnovation (CIGI). His teaching and research focus on conflict management and regional security issues. He served as chairman of the board of the United States Institute of Peace (1992-2004) and as a board member for many years thereafter. From 1981-1989, he was U.S. assistant secretary of state for African affairs. As such, he was the principal diplomatic architect and mediator in the prolonged negotiations among Angola, Cuba, and South Africa that led to Namibia’s transition to independence, and to the withdrawal of Cuban forces from Angola. Dr. Crocker served as a staff officer at the National Security Council (1970-72) where he worked on Middle East, Indian Ocean, and African issues and director of African studies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (1976-80). He serves on the boards Universal Corporation, Inc., a leading independent trading company in tobacco and agricultural products; Good Governance Group Ltd, a business intelligence advisory service; and Bell Pottinger USA, a communications and public relations firm. Dr. Crocker is a founding member of the Global Leadership Foundation, the Africa-based Housing for HIV Foundation and member of the Independent Advisory Board of the World Bank. Dr. Crocker is the author of High Noon in Southern Africa: Making Peace in a Rough Neighborhood (1993), co-author (with Fen Osler Hampson and Pamela Aall) of Taming Intractable Conflicts: Mediation in the Hardest Cases (2004), and coeditor of Leashing the Dogs of War: Conflict Management in a Divided World (2007), Grasping the Nettle: Analyzing Cases of Intractable Conflict (2005); Turbulent Peace: The Challenges of Managing International Conflict (2001); and Herding Cats: Multiparty Mediation in a Complex World (1999).

Fen Osler Hampson is a distinguished fellow at the Centre for International Governance and Innovation (CIGI). He is also Chancellor's Professor at Carleton University. Hampson was a Jennings Randolph Fellow at the United States Institute of Peace in 1993-94.

Pamela R. Aall is a senior fellow at Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) and the former vice president for United States Institute of Peace's domestic programs, Education and Training Center . Before joining the Institute in 1993, she was a consultant to the President's Committee on the Arts and the Humanities and to the Institute of International Education. She held a number of positions at the Rockefeller Foundation. She has also worked for the European Cultural Foundation (Amsterdam and Brussels), the International Council for Educational Development (New York), and the New York Botanical Garden. She holds a B.A. from Harvard University and an M.A. from Columbia University and attended the London School of Economics, conducting research on political and economic integration in Scandinavia and Europe.


  • Foreword - Richard H. Solomon
  • Part I Introduction
  • 1. Leashing the Dogs of War, - Chester A. Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall
  • Part II Sources of Conflict and Challenges to Global Security
  • 2. International Sources of Interstate and Intrastate War - Jack S. Levy
  • 3. New Global Dangers - Michael E. Brown
  • 4. Arms Acquisition and Violence: Are Weapons or People the Cause of Conflict? - Geoffrey Kemp
  • 5. Terrorism and Global Security - Martha Crenshaw
  • 6. The Challenge of Weak, Failing and Collapsed States - Robert Rotberg
  • 7. State Making, State Breaking, and State Failure - Mohammed Ayoob
  • 8. Power, Social Violence, and Civil Wars - Charles King
  • 9. Minorities, Nationalists, and Islamists: Managing Communal Conflict in the Twenty-First Century - Ted Robert Gurr
  • 10. Turbulent Transitions: Why Emerging Democracies Go to War - Edward D. Mansfield and Jack Snyder
  • 11. Environmental Change, Security, and Conflict - Nils Petter Gleditsch
  • 12. Economic Causes of Civil Conflict and Their Implications for Policy - Paul Collier
  • 13. Motivations for Conflict: Groups and Individuals - Frances Stewart and Graham Brown
  • Part III Uses and Limits of Force in Conflict Management
  • 14. Using Force for Peace in the Age of Terror - Lawrence Freedman
  • 15. Limits on the Use of Force - Brian Urquhart
  • 16. Yet Again: Humanitarian Intervention and the Challenges of “Never Again” - Bruce W. Jentleson
  • 17. Coercive Diplomacy - Robert J. Art
  • 18. Expanding Global Military Capacity to Save Lives with Force - Michael O’Hanlon
  • 19. Economic Sanctions and International Peace and Security - Chantal de Jonge Oudraat
  • Part IV Uses and Limits of Statecraft, Diplomacy and Soft Power in Conflict Management
  • 20. The Place of Grand Strategy, Statecraft, and Power in Conflict Management - Chester A. Crocker
  • 21. A Framework for Success: International Intervention in Societies Emerging from Conflict - Daniel Serwer and Patricia Thomson
  • 22. The Place of Soft Power in State-Based Conflict Management - Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
  • 23. Rule of Law in Conflict Management - Neil Kritz
  • 24. Rethinking the "War on Terror": New Approaches to Conflict Prevention and Management in the Post-9/11 World - Paul B. Stares and Mona Yacoubian
  • 25. International Mediation - I. William Zartman and Saadia Touval
  • 26. Contemporary Conflict Resolution Applications - Louis Kriesberg
  • 27. The Power of Nonofficial Actors in Conflict Management - Pamela Aall
  • Part V Uses and Limits of Institutions in Conflict Management
  • 28. The United Nations and Conflict Management: Relevant or Irrelevant? - Karen A. Mingst and Margaret P. Karns
  • 29. Successes and Challenges in Conflict Management - Andrew Mack
  • 30. New Roles for Regional Organizations - Paul F. Diehl
  • 31. Capacity and Limits of NGOs as Conflict Managers - Diana Chigas
  • 32. War and Law: The Dilemmas of International Law and Coercive Enforcement - Ruth Wedgwood
  • Part VI Uses and Limits of Governance in Conflict Management
  • 33. Is Democracy the Answer? - Marina Ottaway
  • 34. Is Stability the Answer? - Kimberly Marten
  • 35. Economic Factors in Civil Wars: Policy Considerations - David Malone and Jake Sherman
  • 36. Sharing Sovereignty: New Institutions for Collapsed and Failing States - Stephen Krasner
  • 37. Intervention and the Nation-Building Debate - Fen Osler Hampson and David Mendeloff

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