Methods and Techniques (Revised Edition)
Edited by I. William Zartman
USIP Press Books
November 2007
460 pp., 6" x 9"
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The methods and techniques of peacemaking—whether it is called conflict resolution, management, or transformation—have become increasingly sophisticated, particularly in response to the increased complexity of international conflict in the post–9/11 era.

This updated and expanded edition of the highly popular volume originally published in 1997 describes the tools and skills of peacemaking that are currently available and critically assesses their usefulness and limitations. The field’s preeminent researchers and practitioners, including a United Nations undersecretary-general on the threat and use of force in peacemaking, present not only the more traditional approaches to peacemaking (bargaining and negotiation, third-party mediation, and arbitration and adjudication) but also newer, “nonofficial” approaches that have attracted considerable attention for their innovativeness (social-psychological approaches, problem-solving workshops, conflict transformation, peace education, and training).

Written for all students of peacemaking and foreign policymaking—both scholars and practitioners--the chapters in this revised edition of Peacemaking in International Conflict provide cogent analyses and offer practical lessons for a variety of conflict settings, from disarmament and arms-control negotiations to subnational conflicts in the new and emerging states of the post–Cold War era: from the challenges for statecraft in addressing transnational political violence and “asymmetric” threats to international security.

I. William Zartman is the Jacob Blaustein professor of international organization and conflict resolution and director of the African Studies and Conflict Management programs at the Johns Hopkins University's Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies in Washington, D.C.


  • Introduction - I. William Zartman
  • Part I: Mapping the Field
  • The Conflict Resolution Field - Lewis Kriesberg
  • Social-Psychological Dimensions of International Conflict - Herbert C. Kelman
  • The Changing Orthodoxy and Orthopraxy of Peacemaking - J. Lewis Rasmussen
  • Part II: Approches to Peacemaking
  • Negotiating in the International Context - Daniel Druckman
  • Mediation in International Conflicts - Jacob Bercovitch
  • Arbitration and Adjudication - Richard B. Bilder
  • Interactive Conflict Resolution - Ronald J. Fisher
  • Religion and Peacebuilding - Cynthia Sampson
  • Part III: Education and Training
  • Addressing Conflict through Education - Pamela Aall, Jeffrey Helsing, and Alan Tidwell
  • The Contributions of Training - George Ward
  • Part IV: Positive and Negative Inducements in Foreign Policy
  • The Economic Tools of Peacemaking - David Cortright
  • The Role of Force in Peacemaking - Jane Holl Lute
  • Conclusion - I. William Zartman

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