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The Final Report of the Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States
May 2009

How to secure the nuclear peace remains one of the most profound questions of the modern era. Twenty years after the end of the Cold War and with the arrival of a new administration in Washington, it is time to think through fundamental questions about the purposes of nuclear deterrence and the character of the U.S. strategic posture. While the existential threat to the United States has decreased, the rising threat of catastrophic terrorism, the possession and spread of nuclear weapons by other states, and a general worldwide nuclear renaissance continue to influence decisions about America’s strategic posture.

Recognizing the changing character of these threats, Congress formed a commission in 2008 to examine the United States’ long-term strategic posture and make recommendations. For more than eleven months this bipartisan commission of leading experts on national security, arms control, and nuclear technology met with Congressional leaders, military officers, high-level officials of several countries, arms control groups, and technical experts to assess the appropriate roles for nuclear weapons, nonproliferation programs, and missile defenses. This official edition contains a discussion of key questions and issues as well as the Commission’s findings and recommendations for tailoring U.S. strategic posture to new and emerging requirements as the world moves closer to a proliferation tipping point.

The Commission members include:

William J. Perry, Chairman
James R. Schlesinger, Vice-Chairman
Harry Cartland
John Foster
John Glenn
Morton Halperin
Lee Hamilton
Fred Ikle
Keith Payne
Bruce Tarter
Ellen Williams
James Woolsey

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Edited by Alan Platt
September 1992

Nine experts examine the East-West arms control experience to identify lessons that could be applied to the Middle East. The authors pinpoint specific near-term actions, particularly confidence-and-security-building measures, that might be explored now, whether or not they are linked to formal peace negotiations.

Each chapter pairs a co-author who has detailed knowledge of a particular East-West arms control approach with a co-author who has extensive experience in the Middle East Region.

Written in clear, jargon-free prose, this book will be especially useful to Middle East specialists and students of arms control as well as readers with a general interest in Middle East Affairs.

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Riding the Roller Coaster
April 2011

Over the past sixty years, Pakistan-U.S. relations have been marked by highs of close cooperation and lows of deep bilateral estrangement. Much of the negotiations story underscores the remarkable resilience, but also the vulnerability and volatility of the relationship. Throughout the Cold War and continuing after 9/11, Pakistan’s location has shaped a relationship of mutual interest and asymmetrical goals. The United States views Pakistan as a strategic partner in achieving global security goals; Pakistan looks to the United States as a counterweight to India and its neighbors.

How Pakistan Negotiates with the United States analyzes the themes, techniques, and styles that have characterized Pakistani negotiations with American civilian and military officials since Pakistan’s independence. Drawing from their vast diplomatic experience, authors Teresita and Howard Schaffer examine how Pakistan’s ideological core, geopolitical position, culture, and military and governmental structures shape negotiations with the United States. The authors address not only the process by which the two governments reach formal agreements, but also the overall conduct of official U.S.-Pakistani dialogue, the informal processes that have shaped their diplomatic relationship, and the periodic involvement of the United States in Pakistani domestic politics. This book offers concrete lessons and advice for U.S. officials on how to negotiate most effectively with Pakistan.

Drawing from their vast diplomatic experience, Teresita and Howard Schaffer, authors of "How Pakistan Negotiates with the United States: Riding the Roller Coaster," discuss how Pakistan's ideological core, geopolitical position, culture, and military and governmental structures shape negotiations with the United States.

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A controversial proposal for the formation of an international authority that would monitor use of the "poor man's nuclear weapon" and assist countries under attack.
Edited by Kenneth M. Jensen
November 1990

While the dramatic events in Europe have considerably eased international tensions, and the United States and the Soviet Union are reducing chemical weapons stockpiles, Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait in August 1990 suddenly heightened international concerns about chemical weapons. The imminent danger that chemical and biological weapons might again be employed compels the world to confront this issue candidly.

At a United States Institute of Peace Public Workshop held in January 1989, Peace Fellows Robin Ranger and Raymond Cohen offered a unique – and controversially frank – proposal for controlling the spread and use of chemical weapons: the formation of an International Chemical Weapons Authority (ICWA) that would monitor use and provide aid, humanitarian as well as military, to countries under attack. This volume contains the Ranger-Cohen proposal and responses to it by five expert panelists. The ensuing dialogue dealt with not only the effects of chemical weapons proliferation and use but the strategic incentives that drive nations to use them.

In addition to Ranger and Cohen, participants included Gary Crocker (U.S. Department of State), Douglas Feith (law firm of Feith & Zell), Elisa Harris (Brookings Institute), Itshak Lederman (Center for International Security Studies, University of Maryland), and Brad Roberts (Washington Quarterly).

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