DDR in Peace Processes
USIP Press Books
March 2012
72 pp., 5 1/2" x 8 1/2"
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Failure by mediators to fully assess the interest and positions of negotiating parties and accurately identify the strategies and tactics conflict parties employ to avoid disarming and demobilizing their fighting forces can greatly compromise the viability of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) programs. Providing guidance on the mediation and negotiation aspects of DDR programs, this toolkit lays out eight detailed steps that mediators can take to establish appropriate linkages between DDR and other aspects of a peace process.

• Prepare to engage
• Assess the fighting forces
• Determine a mediation approach and strategy
• Lay the groundwork for DDR negotiations
• Conduct and manage the negotiations
• Link DDR to other aspects of the peace process
• Put DDR in the peace agreement
• Facilitate implementation

This volume is the ninth in the Peacemaker's Toolkit series. Each handbook addresses a facet of the work of mediating violent conflicts, including such topics as managing public information, assessing and enhancing ripeness, debriefing mediators, and talking to groups that use terror.

Kelvin Ong is team leader of the Mediation Support Unit in the United Nation’s Department of Political Affairs, which provides support for UN-led and -supported mediation processes. From 2003 to 2007, he was policy adviser and chief of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration in the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO). While in DPKO, he was seconded (in 2006) to the UN Development
Programme (UNDP) to lead the Justice and Security Sector Unit, and was responsible for providing technical advisory services on rule of law and SSR to UNDP country offices. A UN staff member since 2001, he has held other headquarters and field positions in the United Nations, including
planning officer in the Office of the Assistant-Secretary General for Mission Support, DPKO; special assistant in the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan; special assistant to the special representative of the secretary general for Liberia; and special assistant to the assistant secretary-general
for the rule of law and security institutions in DPKO.

Before joining the United Nations, Ong worked for two years at the International Peace Academy (IPA), a New York–based think tank, where he directed a research program on the United Nations and regional
organizations. Prior to working at the IPA, he served in the Singapore Armed Forces (Airborne Rangers) for eleven years.

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